News » Eye infections: causes, symptoms and treatment of the most prevalent anomalies of the eye
The term eye infection literally gets reference to a multitude of eye-related abnormalities. Bacteria, viruses, protozoa are in continuous contact with the human eye which, like all the other structures of the body, are particularly vulnerable to the attack of these microorganisms.
But there\'s more: the staff responsible for eye infections can come not only from the outside, even from the blood.
The contagion, in the case of infant baby, can take place in a special way during delivery due to the presence of bacteria in the "" of the maternal life channel.
Eye infections spread easily and can cause serious damage to the retina, cornea, optic nerve, causing blurred vision, or even more serious damage if not promptly arrested.
eye infections: why so much variety?
The variety of eye infections, ie the enormous amount of existing types in nature, is due to physiological and pathological conditions of each individual that also vary considerably from one person to another.
In addition to the physiological component, there is another important vehicle of eye infections: it is represented by the serious injuries such as post-operative or post-traumatic.
Even those who wear contact lenses have a greater chance of contracting an eye infection by bacteria. If the lenses, in fact, are not properly disinfected, the bacteria tend to form quickly and to proliferate.
eye infections internal and external
If Ocular infections cover the front of the eyeball, one speaks of external infections.
• Hordeolum, dependent inflammation of a gland of the eyelid;
• Chalazion, inflammation of the sebaceous gland;
• Blepharitis infection the conjunctiva and the eyelid margin;
• Dacryocystitis that affects the lacrimal;
• Conjunctivitis borne by the conjunctival mucosa;
• Keratitis with corneal involvement.
Ocular infections affecting the posterior part of the eyeball are defined internal infections. The most common are:
• Uveitis that involves the vascular membrane of the eye;
• endophthalmitis serious infectious process within the eyeball.
Symptoms associated with an eye infection
The symptoms related to the presence of ocular infection are different and clearly vary because of the degree of extension and the structure that they involve.
In any case, the symptoms, more in general, are represented by swelling of the eyelids, redness of the conjunctiva, intolerance to light, burning, tearing.
In severe cases, these symptoms can be associated with eye pain and increased eye pressure. In most of the least severe eye infections we are witnessing a qualitative worsening of vision with an attached reduction of color perception.
In severe cases, however, when the inflammation that has spread to the inside of the eye, it may experience an actual decrease in visual acuity.
What are the treatments to follow?
Given that it is always good, in the presence of any symptoms possibly related to the presence of an eye infection, immediately make a specialist eye examination so that, if necessary, take action as soon as possible, it is always a good idea to also follow the correct rules of hygiene.
Do not touch your eyes with dirty hands, avoid environments with dust, smoke or smog, reducing - if you wear contact lenses - the hours of the day when you wear here is of little tricks that can help a lot.
A bacterial infection requires antibiotic treatment to be associated with, possibly, an anti-inflammatory eye drops.
In some cases, it is also shown the use of a local or systemic therapy with cortisone.
For viral infections may be given to local action specific drugs.
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